The city of Patras is a very interesting place to stay as it has many historical sites but it has also kept up-to-date with modern life. The history of the city dates back to prehistoric times, to the second millennium BC. It is the capital of Achaia, which took its name from the oldest inhabitants of Greece. The city was named after Patras who was the leader of the Achaeans in the 12th century BC. In the 3rd century BC, the Achaeans organised the famous Achaean League, which was the first organized form of government in Greece. During the 1st century AD, Saint Andrew visited the city. In fact, he was martyred in Patras and is the city’s patron saint. During the Greek revolution of 1821, the region of Achaia played an important role in liberating the Greeks from Ottoman rule. During the 19th century, Patras developed into an important commercial and industrial centre, being the main place where goods were exported to Western Europe.